Hermann Otto Hoyer
Hermann Otto Hoyer was born 25 January 1893 a Brema. He studied and worked as a painter on glass in Metz, Nancy and Basilea. Before carrying out his military service in Bremen in 1913/14 trascorse un semestre presso Josef Goller alla Arts School di Dresda. In the First World War at the Battle of the Marne was wounded by a piece of shrapnel and was taken prisoner and locked up, as recounted later, "Rat in a cage in Britain". He had to remain in captivity for more than two years so that he could regain his freedom a friend, Judge, son of the owner of the brewery Oberstdorf a village in southern Germany nell'Oberallgäu. After two attempts to escape unfortunate was brought to the "concentration camp for refugees" of Graiba in Tunisia which provided 14 hours a day of work and only one round of cleaning staff each 60 days. On his third attempt to escape was captured just before the front of Tripoli and buried for 60 days in a cage by the shape of the tent without moving. The next stage of his military detention ordeal was Emzarir where raging typhus and malaria. The prison camp was then moved to Marseille. From there he escaped with a friend, who was killed by a bullet during the flight, while Hoyer reached Switzerland with his right arm badly injured and fractured. He learned with great difficulty working with the left hand and the 1919 to the 1925 attended the Art Academy in Monaco with Hermann Groeber favorite pupil of Franz von Stuck and Carl von Marr. In 1922 painted with personal style portrait of Dr. Ferdinand Sauerbruch during a, oil painting which still decorates a room of Chirurgischen Klinik Humboldt University in Berlin. In 1925 Hoyer built a country house in Oberstdorf on land that the family had given Richter gratitude for what he had done for their son prisoner. Hoyer painted landscapes, portraits, naked, a monumental Communion (dinner) and the mountain station of the cable car at the Nebelhorn in the construction of the 1929 visible today in a directory of 'Heimatmuseum Oberstdorf. He was a serious man, reserved but not closed. Very high, reddish-blond freckled and was an early member of the Nazi Party. Con il celebre dipinto SA man with a swastika flag and wounded comrades on the shoulder (Man of the SA flag with croceuncinata and wounded comrade on his shoulder) of 1933 (1) put his art at the service of the NSDAP. Nella House of Art di Monaco nel 1937 Hermann Otto Hoyer presentò il celeberrimo dipinto Am Anfang war das Wort (In the beginning was the Word) representing Adolf Hitler speaking to the citizens of Oberstdorf in the initial Kampfzeit the National Socialist movement. Hitler bought the painting for the planned art gallery in Linz. This painting was reproduced in thousands of postcards and art magazines. In much of the literature on the 'art of the Third Reich, the painting is presented as a model for the creation of the myth of the dictator seen as the messiah. On the orders of the Allied Control Commission, the painting was seized and taken to a military depot of the United States 13 May 1946. Even today there is, invisible to the public along with four other works considered "blatantly propagandistic" in the custody of the U.S. Army at the 'United States Army Center of Military History (2) in the basement of a skyscraper in Washington DC. In the Second World War, although devoid of 'use of an arm, Hermann Otto Hoyer volunteered for the Waffen-SS with the rank of Obersturmführer (lieutenant). In 1943 he was appointed Professor dell 'Accademia. In 1944 partecipò all'esposizione German artists and the SS a Wroclaw e Salisburgo con un ritratto del SS-Obergruppenführer Theodor Eicke Cavaliere della Croce di Ferro con fronde di Quercia Oryol sul fronte ad caduto il russo 26 February 1943 where his plane was shot down by enemy fire. The works included in the exhibition were included in a subsequent catalog published by the Reichsführer-SS – SS Main Office dalla Wilhelm Limpert Verlag Berlin di nel 1944 intitolato "German Artists and the SS. Directory of artists and works with 20 Pictures "Salzburg, Exhibition in June – July 1944. Many of the works were reproduced in postcards (3). The 'introduction of the catalog was prepared by SS-Obergruppenführer General Waffen-SS Gottlieb Berger, Director of SS-Hauptamt in Berlin (4). After the 1945 Hoyer was long detained for political reasons and, After his release in 1947 lived with her daughter and son in Oberstdorf until 30 May 1968 day of his death. Hermann Otto Hoyer is buried in the cemetery of Oberstdorf. In the Museum of the City (5) is preserved a portrait of a woodcutter and Wittelsbachs Hof (6) is hanging one of his paintings. Many private citizens retain the artistic works of Hermann Otto Hoyer. A selection of the works of Hermann Otto Hoyer is in the Art Gallery Thule. Many will be visible to other website edited by the artist's granddaughter (7) where you can buy the kindle book format Hoyer feldgrau Flucht auf which tells of his captivity and his escape.
(1) present in Thule Art Gallery space Hermann Otto Hoyer
(2) U.S. Army Center of Military History Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington, DC 20319-5058 see http://www.history.army.mil/
(3) a selection to the site http://www.moonwheel.net/Kunst/index.htm
(5) Museum Oberstdorf Oststraße13, Oberstdorf http://www.oberstdorf- heimatmuseum.de /
(6) Wittelsbach court Prinzenstrasse 24, Oberstdorf http://www.wittelsbacherhof.de/
(7) http://www.feldgrau-auf-flucht.de/ At the site http://www.feldgrau-auf-flucht.de/ cared for by his nephew Hermann Otto Hoyer will soon see a selection of works by the German artist. At the same site you can buy the book (in German and in digital format kindle) di Hermann Otto Hoyer “Feldgrau to escape” diary of captivity and escape from a prisoner of war during the First World War